Vibration stress relief on metal
Alternative to stress relief
Dulliken / Switzerland - Since
2014, the company WIAP AG Ltd SA has applied for four new patents for
the "vibration stress relief on metal" (MEMV) technology. The innovative
procedure is utilised in order to reduce stresses in metallic components
once again, e.g. the distortion as a consequence of welding processing
operations or after heavy rolling. Customary techniques such as stress
relief annealing or flame straightening are also applied to such tasks
but are mostly energy-intensive or lead to the scaling of the
components. In this respect, the MEMV technology offers a few advantages
for the user.
The Swiss company WIAP AG has already been successfully dealing with the MEMV technology for a long time. Meanwhile, the supply programme has been comprehensively extended to five basic models: V5 for components with masses up to 5 t, V20 (for 20 t), V50 (50 t), V100 (100 t) as well as V200 for a workpiece weight of 200 t. Moreover, the new developments encompass the multiaxial VS vibrator. This is suitable particularly for welded structures since it can excite all three coordinate directions with just one device. Since it excites all the axial directions, decisively better stress distributions than with conventional biaxial exciters are thus possible with it.
Jim Peter Widmer in front of a "vibration stress relief
on metal" (MEMV) installation from WIAP AG -
August 2017 (photographs: hpw - Hans-Peter Widmer)
Other new products are also available in the supply programme, e.g. rotating jigs. Several axial directions compared with conventional procedures can be covered with them. All the so-called dead points (or nodal points) are excited. In this way, a uniform stress relief process introduced over the entire component is carried out with the aid of vibration.
Rolls during vibration stress relief on metal (MEMV) -
Jim Peter Widmer - April 2017 (hpw)
WIAP AG has already been dealing with the
vibration technology and its advantages since 1983. However, with the aid of
complicated measuring procedures from 2014 to 2017, it has only now become
possible, for the first time in the firm's history, to provide unambiguous
evidence of the concrete benefits. For example, the vibration technology serves
to achieve the same results as in the case of stress relief annealing not only
with welded structures but now also, due to the extended MEMV procedure, during
heavy rolling. This results in decisive advantages for the customer. On the one
hand, no scaling arises. On the other hand, it is possible to save an enormous
amount of energy: Merely 2 kW/h is necessary for an exemplary process. In
contrast, approx. 935 kW/h must be applied during a comparable procedure with
stress relief annealing.
Numerous examples from practice prove that
the vibration technology functions outstandingly with flame-straightened or
hydraulically straightened components - this heralds a new era in the vibration
stress relief of components made of metal.
In spite of all the successes already
achieved until now, the process is being optimised even further. Above all, that
also relates to the peripheral equipment as is shown by the substantially
extended accessories programme. For example, there are new multiple clamping
jigs with which all the directions and all the zones can be excited in just one
clamping operation. The multiple clamping jig is designed in such a way that it
can be extended for various component types.
The new WIAP MEMV 20 E generation of
control devices is designed in such a way that all the tasks can be performed
with just one device depending on the choice of the device - no matter whether
manual handling or fully automatic control. The fully automatic machine controls
all the directions and all the zones independently in a software-assisted
process. Because of the building block principle, the upgrade (for example) from
a 5 t device to a 100 t device is possible at a comparatively favourable price.
Furthermore, the carefully thought-out concept also serves to reach customers
where devices have already been utilised for quite a long time - the older
devices are easy to retrofit, right up to the fully automatic machine. WIAP AG
also includes such requirements in its concept in order to offer already
existing customers a solution viable for the future.